Kidney stones can be scientifically defined as solid masses that are made of crystals.
They originate in your kidneys, but they can also form in any part of your urinary tract,
which basically consists of urethra, bladder, ureter, and kidney. Different stone types
can be listed below:
The most common kind of kidney stones is calcium stones, which are formed of calcium
and oxalate. Such components are chemically found in most foods. They also might be
made of calcium and phosphate. The formation of Uric acid stones takes place when
your urine becomes too acidic. Uric acid has the ability to inculcate stones on its own or
with the help of calcium.
The formation of struvite stones occurs as and when you face some urinary tract
infections wherein the bacteria forms ammonia, which grows in your urine. Struvite
stones are a mixture of phosphate, magnesium, and ammonium.
Cystine stones form a cystine, which is a chemical formed by your body. They happen
to be very rare and most likely occur to those people who undergo a genetic disorder,
which causes cystine to leak from the kidneys and right into the urine.
Kidney stones are so small as to be compared to a grain of sand, or they can be so
large such as the size of a pearl. They can stay in your kidneys or travel through your
ureters in the way that the tubes which connect your kidneys to your bladder. Then, it
can be out of your body in no time with your urine. When this process happens, that is,
moving of kidney stone through your ureters and out of your urethra along with your
urine, it is called passing a kidney stone. It can also get stuck in your urinary tract and
make the urine stop from following due to being blocked. When such a thing happens, it
can be a very painful process as the kidney stone blocks the flow of your urine.
Kidney stones treatment
Kidney stone surgery depends on the kind of stone. The doctors may perform a
procedure wherein the urine is strained, and stones are collected for evaluation. It is
recommended to drink eight to ten glasses of water to increase the flow of urine. People
who are dehydrated and have nausea may need a dosage of intravenous fluids.
The kind of treatments available for providing relief for kidney stones are:
There is an immense amount of pain in the case of kidney stones, and it can be
mitigated through narcotic medications. When there is an infection present, antibiotics
help with the treatment. Medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) relieves the pain,
sodium bicarbonate help to make the urine less acidic, allopurinol (Zyloprim) is used to
treat uric acid stones and the same way naproxen sodium (Aleve) and ibuprofen (Advil)
is also used to relieve pain.
The procedure of lithotripsy, which is also referred to as an extracorporeal shock wave,
utilizes sound waves to break large stones in order for them to pass down the ureters
into your bladder. This procedure can prove to be slightly uncomfortable and require a
dosage of light anesthesia.
By going through certain types and treatments for them, your doctor may prescribe
certain medications to help to prevent the formation of uric acid and calcium stones. It is
always best to consult a doctor for a kidney stone surgery or if you’re at certain risk of
possessing kidney stones.